7 Digital Marketing Lessons Nonprofits Can Learn From Charity:Water
Charity:Water, a nonprofit that brings clean and safe drinking water to people in developing nations, is leading the way when it comes to redefining nonprofit marketing; they are exceptional at inbound marketing, focusing on creating powerful content to inspire people to join their cause. Their marketing has tangible results: in 2012 alone they raised $33 million, and over $8 million of that was raised through their online fundraising platform.
While it might not be possible for other nonprofits to perfectly emulate charity: water´s marketing strategy––in fact, it probably wouldn’t be a good idea for them to try given that each nonprofit has a distinct mission, target audience and way of operating––all would benefit from applying even just a few of the lessons we can learn from their incredible marketing. With that in mind, here are nine marketing lessons other nonprofits can take away from charity: water.
1. Encourage Donors to Spread the Word by Sharing Their Personal Experiences With Your Organization
charity: water has truly mastered the art of getting people to form personal connections with their brand. One of the most powerful ways in which they’ve done this is by building an online platform that allows people to create fundraising campaigns linked to personal events, such as marathons, holidays or birthdays.
This is pure genius for enlisting others to spread their message. As each fundraiser shares their campaign with their personal network via word of mouth and online, the number of people who know about charity: water quickly multiplies.
Paull Young, Director of Digital at charity: water, describes the strategy this way: “We are trying to build a movement of passionate people who are going to form a relationship with us for years…. We want our donors to be advocates. We want them to share content, we want them to feel really connected to their impact and we want them to represent that to all their friends and family.”
At the time of writing this article nearly 180,000 people had collectively raised almost $29 million on charity: water’s online platform. That’s 180,000 people telling their friends, family and whoever else follows them online about charity: water. Brilliant.
How can your organization apply this? Think of creative ways to encourage people to link important personal experiences and events to your nonprofit. You don’t necessarily have to do this with an online fundraising platform: you can start by using social media to encourage people to interact with and be vocal about your cause.
If you are interested in online fundraising but don’t have the resources to build a custom platform for donations like charity: water, there are applications that help nonprofits get started with online fundraising quickly, including Salsa and Network for Good.
Finally, take heed when Young talks about building relationships with their donors that will hopefully last for years. What can you do to make your donors feel so connected to your cause that they’ll become your brand advocates and stick around for the long haul?
2. Tap Into the Power of Social Proof
Brian Gardner defines social proof as “the positive influence created when people find out others are doing something – now, suddenly, everyone else wants to do that something too.”
charity: water is excellent at using social proof to encourage people to fundraise on their online platform. They employ numbers throughout their site to make people feel aligned with thousands of others, and they give a face and a voice to those thousands with pictures, videos and written stories.
Here are a few images from the charity: water website that show how they employ social proof.
Social proof is particularly powerful when famous people are setting the example.
On the “birthdays” section of their website, after discovering that many others with the same birthday as you – and 47,492 people in total at the time of this writing – have asked for donations instead of presents for their birthday, charity: water tells you how cool celebrities like Depeche Mode and Tony Hawk pledged their birthdays to the nonprofit.
How can your organization apply this? You don’t have to get testimonials from celebrities (although each day it seems that more and more celebrities are publicizing their devotion to social causes); start by collecting short statements from your most loyal donors (both individuals and companies or foundations, if possible) and put them on your website. You can then make each testimonial a piece of content for your social channels by quoting the best parts in an image. Include photos of the donors or the company logo whenever possible.
Celebrate your donors in your digital channels in any way you can: create a collage of their photos similar to charity: water’s Twitter thumbnail collage pictured above, or, if you have a blog, highlight the stories of your most devoted donors or volunteers on a monthly basis.
3. Identify Your Unique Value Proposition & Broadcast it to Your Audience
It’s uncommon for a nonprofit to spend time developing and articulating their unique value proposition, but this is one area in which organizations should act like companies. If you want people to donate to your cause, why not explain what makes your nonprofit stand out from others, just as companies––at least the ones who are good at marketing––often put a lot of energy into explaining to their customers why they’re special (and thus why people should buy from them)?
charity: water explains clearly on their homepage the three things that make them different from other nonprofits: their 100% model, their emphasis on proving where donations go with GPS tracking and their collaborations with local partners in the countries to which they bring clean water. A site visitor thinking about donating to charity: water knows immediately what makes them special.
But charity: water didn’t decide on this value proposition haphazardly. They hit on three major pain points for nonprofit donors:
- Most donors prefer to know that their money goes directly to helping people rather than to operating costs (hence the “100% model”)
- Donors often feel confused about where their money ends up or don’t really trust that it’s being used as promised (hence “proving it”)
- In the nonprofit space there is often concern about western organizations traipsing into foreign countries and implementing solutions without really understanding the people’s needs (hence “local partners”).
How can your organization apply this? Before deciding on a value proposition, get inside your donors’ heads in order to understand their pain points and what matters most to them. The best way to do this is to talk to them; you can either conduct in-person interviews or, if you already have a significant base of followers, you can send out an online survey.
Once you’re confident you’ve nailed a unique value proposition that both sets you apart from nonprofits with a similar cause AND represents what your donors want, make sure to include it on the most important pages of your website.
Ideally it will appear in the headline on your homepage, but don’t stop there; follow charity: water´s lead and weave it into other parts of your site, your social media messages, blog posts and your explainer video.
charity: water is great at doing this subtly because their value proposition is an integral part of the way the organization operates, and your organization’s should be, too.
4. Identify Brand Evangelists Within Your Organization
Charity: water’s CEO Scott Harrison is the face of the organization. His personal story of how he went from a “selfish” nightclub and fashion events promoter to volunteering with Mercy Ships and then starting his own nonprofit, which he tells in nearly every speech he gives, is intertwined with the charity: water brand.
Harrison has over 61.5k followers on Twitter and nearly 10k followers on Instagram. In both social media profiles his publications are mostly about charity: water, including anecdotes about the team, photos from the field and retweets from the official charity: water account.
How can your organization apply this? Identify who can be the public face of your organization––if not your founder or director, then someone else who is high-ranking and who will probably be there for a long time. It is important to have employees who embody your organization’s mission statement and know how to communicate it effectively––ideally, they’ll do so not only via the organization’s official channels but also through their personal channels.
Adam Braun, the founder of Pencils of Promise, is another example of a founder who is a very effective brand evangelist. With over 310,000 followers, he is a strong voice for the organization on Twitter, and he recently published a memoir that tells the story of how he started his organization.
5. Harness the Power of Storytelling
Harrison’s emphasis on telling his personal story when he talks about charity: water sets the tone for the organization’s marketing strategy. After all, the people on the charity: water team are masters at storytelling. They do it on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram as well as on their blog, their website and in their email marketing campaigns.
charity: water even has an entire section of their site dedicated to stories from the field, where people who work for or collaborate with the nonprofit tell stories about the experiences they’ve had bringing clean water to people in Rwanda, Uganda, Bangladesh and more.
What makes charity: water’s stories so powerful is the use of impactful images and stunning video combined with a very personal, candid style of writing. In fact, Harrison has said that if he talks for an hour, he uses over 200 photos and videos in his presentation.
The video from their 2010 September Campaign is a great example of how the nonprofit uses storytelling to communicate its message and inspire donors.
How can your organization apply this? Make storytelling a central part of your marketing efforts. First, identify what story(ies) are central to your mission and message, whether it be how the organization was founded or the way in which your work is changing the world. Then tell these stories in multiple mediums: on your website, on your blog and in your social media channels, for example. Use photos and video to compliment each narrative as much as possible.
Keep in mind that not all stories need to be long-form. Charity: water’s Facebook content shows how you can tell stories in just a sentence or two, like in the post below.
6. Create Content That People Will Fall in Love With
I mentioned above that charity: water raised over $8 million through their online platform last year and $33 million in total. Guess how much they spent on marketing during that same year: just shy of $9k.
Paull Young, charity: water´s Director of Digital, explains their marketing strategy as such: “At our core we are an amazing content marketing shop… We don’t buy advertising. We 100% focus on word-of-mouth marketing. We create amazing content that we then distribute through the web––through social media––and then we give that to people we hope are passionate advocates who will take the content and share it with their friends.”
While charity: water sometimes accepts donated advertising space, the majority of their marketing focuses on creating content that inspires and allows people to experience the work that the nonprofit does (and where their donations go) through beautiful design, images and video.
How can your organization apply this? Figure out what inspires your donors and then create a content marketing strategy around that. Make inspiration a core element of your content strategy. As Young says, “Inspired people with the mouthpiece of social media can do amazing things.”
7. Get Creative With Your Copy, Especially in Your Headlines and CTAs
I could probably write a book about all the amazing things charity: water does with their marketing, but I know you have important stuff to do (like applying these nine lessons to your marketing strategy). So I’ll wrap it up by talking about copy.
charity: water writes great copy. They make their headlines pop with eye-catching numbers and a dash of humor when appropriate; on the web they break paragraphs into short, easily-digestible chunks accompanied by photos or graphics; and they have big, beautiful buttons whose text often parts from what you typically see in CTAs.
Here are a few of my favorite headlines from their website and emails:
Here are a few of my favorite buttons:
How can your organization apply this? If you want to convert donors online and inspire people to align themselves with your cause, invest time in learning how to write great copy, or even hire an expert to do it for you. Start by defining a tone of voice that reflects the brand personality you want to convey, and then rewrite the headlines and body copy on the most important pages of your site following web copy best practices.
And remember to stay positive; while it is okay (and probably necessary) to convey the severity or urgency of your cause, try to maintain an inspiring, positive tone that gets people excited about what your organization is doing.
Chloe Gray specializes in digital marketing strategies for startups and medium-size tech companies. She currently leads the marketing team at the Big Data company Ondore. Be sure to say hi to her on Twitter. You also can follow her on Facebook, Google+, and LinkedIn.
Beth Kanter is the author of Beth’s Blog: How Nonprofits Can Use Social Media, one of the longest running and most popular blogs for nonprofits. Beth has over 30 years working in the nonprofit sector in technology, training, capacity building, evaluation, fundraising, and marketing. I think Beth is pretty fantastic.